Dark Matter Fizzles Again

Andromeda Galaxy M31

Andromeda Galaxy M31

Dear Editor,

Reference: “Dark Matter Comes and Goes at April Meeting” – American Physical Society APS News. June 2013, Vol 22, #6, Pgs 1 & 7.

This article is a summary regarding Dark Matter at the American Physical Society April 2013 Astrophysical Conference in Denver Colorado. Various earlier reports regarding possible Mysterious Dark Matter detection all fizzled under scrutiny. But they will keep trying (as long as money is available).

Reference: “Gigantic IceCube Tightens Limits on Theories that Predict Dark-Matter Particles” by Schwarzchild, Physics Today, May 2013, pgs 14-16.

Therein several experiments are described which failed to detect Dark Matter Particles/Halos. This is consistent with our publications (below) that reveal Galactic Rotation can be described with Newtonian gravity/dynamics and there is no need to invoke Massive Peripheral Spherical Halos of Mysterious Dark Matter around Rotating Disk Galaxies.

Reference: “Dwarf Galaxies Orbit Andromeda in a Surprisingly Thin Plane,” Physics Today, March 2013, Pgs 12-14.

In the above reference, observations cast doubt on the existence of Massive Peripheral Spherical Halos of Mysterious Dark Matter Around Rotating Disk Galaxies. But the overall evidence is far stronger against this Dark Matter configuration as follows.

Galaxy Rotation vs Radius: A= Calculated (using Virial Theorem), B=Measured

Galaxy Rotation vs Radius: A= Calculated (using Virial Theorem), B=Measured

(1) For the past ~35 years, all searches by telescopes, satellites, and underground detectors have FAILED to detect any such Dark Matter configurations.

(2) A Massive Hollowish Spherical configuration is gravitationally unstable, an unexplained mystery.

(3) This Mysterious Dark Matter supposedly exerts gravitational forces on the observed ordinary galactic matter in the disk, but apparently does not itself respond to gravitational forces, otherwise it would be pulled down into the rotating disk. Another unexplained mystery.

(4) In the analysis of galactic rotation, some authors assume a spherically symmetric (Keplerian) field, which is NOT appropriate for disk galaxies.

(5) In the analysis of galactic rotation, many authors introduce the Mass-to-Light (M/L) concept.

But this is a very crude approximation at best. Since edge-on observations of disk galaxies reveal a darker edge against a brighter bulge background, it is clear that M/L concepts do not apply to disk galaxies.

(6) To compensate for the inconsistencies encountered with above approaches (3) and (4), other authors unjustifiably assume Dark Matter exists in Spherical Distributions, which leads to the untenable speculation re Massive Peripheral Spherical Halos of Mysterious Dark Matter around Rotating Disk Galaxies. It would be more appropriate to assume that any Dark Matter exists within the disk, and then discover that there is slightly more ordinary matter towards the cooler/darker periphery, consistent with our analyses (references below).

The persistent penchant for cosmologists to speculate re Dark Mysteries is UNscientific, and worsened by unjustified claims of “undeniability” contrary to experiments, observations and experimentally established physics.

But alternative perspectives are available in the literature as follows.

For example, in our approach (references below), we assume Newtonian gravity and dynamics applied to a rotating thin-disk galaxy of finite radial dimensions.

We balance the gravitational and centrifugal forces at each and every point on the rotating disk, and use the galactic rotational data (radially dependent) as input, and solve for the consistent radial mass distribution.

Our radial mass distributions do not differ drastically from the M/L ratio, but we find more mass towards the galactic periphery which is cooler/darker consistent with the darker edge-on observations. And we deduce total galactic masses consistent with star counts, a critical additional confirmation of the validity of our approach and results.

Modeling the Newtonian Dynamics for Rotation Curve Analysis of Thin-Disk Galaxies,” By Feng and Gallo, Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics 11 (2011) 1429-1448. www.raa-journal.org. http://arxiv.org/abs/1104.3236

A Thin-Disk Gravitational Model for Galactic Rotation,” by Gallo and Feng, Astronomical Society of Pacific Conference Proceedings, vol 413, p 289-303, Dec 2009, CCC2 Conference in Port Angeles, Sept 2008.

Galactic Rotation Described by a Thin-Disk Gravitational Model Without Dark Matter,” C. F. Gallo and James Q. Feng, Journal of Cosmology, April 2010, Vol 6, 1373-1380. http://journalofcosmology.com/Contents6.html Paper #4.

Chuck Gallo

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3 Responses to Dark Matter Fizzles Again

  1. James Wright says:

    Charles Gallo:

    I read your paper today (9/18), entitled “Dark Matter Fizzles Again”. I question this conclusion. In the first place when scientists choose Dark Matter rather than Dark Mass they are presenting a conclusion without proper argument. It could be Dark Energy, as some suggest.

    We read that the mass of the Sun is lost at some massive great rate, 96% of which is Solar Winds and 4% of of which is Energy. (Energy with mass!) So can we not, for sake of argument, assume that as all the stars of all the Galaxies, would be losing energy mass, that this is the Dark Energy that is supposedly surrounding a galaxy and affecting its rate of of rotation? Then, if we assume that this Dark Energy has a charge (say negative) then this Negative Energy Mass would be self-repelling an so would not only offset the force of gravity to some extend and would be found throughout our Universe, being most dense at the center of gravity of the galaxy and least dense in inter-galactic space and in the voids between the Galaxy Clusters.

    This Negative Energy Mass (atmosphere) should surround every planet, every star, every galaxy, and every Galaxy Cluster. This also provides a medium to which we can affix the permeability and permittivity of space, and so provide a medium through which electro-magnetic waves can travel.

    My reason for claiming a negative energy mass can be found in a paper which I submitted to FQXi for their 2013 Essay Contest, entitled “Cosmological Explorations”. This paper also demonstrates other avenues that such a mass can open.

    Jim Wright

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  3. Pingback: Is the search for “Dark Matter” over ? Gigantic amounts of matter found hiding as faint Red Dwarf stars. | Cosmology Science by David Dilworth

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